Plastic surgery is a surgical branch that encompasses procedures such as aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. These surgeries are performed to correct congenital deformities, repair trauma-induced injuries, or address aesthetic concerns that arise with aging. The history of plastic surgery dates back to ancient times.
The origins of plastic surgery can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization in India, dating back to around 2000 BCE. During this period, procedures like nasal reconstruction were described in the Vedas, the ancient Indian texts in the Vedic period, specifically in the twelfth book. Moreover, early examples of plastic surgery techniques are also found in civilizations such as Egypt, Greece, and Rome.
During the Middle Ages, plastic surgery techniques continued to evolve. A technique known as flap transfer, which involves moving skin or tissue from one area to another, emerged as an important development for reconstructive surgery. During the same period, notable surgeons from the Islamic world, such as Ibn El-Kıfti and Ibn El-Haysem, contributed their knowledge and experiences in plastic surgery to medical literature.
However, the modern history of plastic surgery gained momentum after World War I and World War II. Post-war, new techniques and procedures were developed for the treatment of facial and bodily injuries. Prominent surgeons like Lamplugh and Gillies made significant advancements in facial and bodily reconstruction. It was also during this period that the first silicone implants for breast reconstruction were developed.
The 1950s and 1960s saw the development of aesthetic plastic surgery. Popular procedures such as breast augmentation, liposuction, and rhinoplasty were introduced during this era. These procedures are used to enhance the appearance of individuals with aesthetic concerns.
Plastic surgery continues to evolve in the present day. With advancements in technology and surgical techniques, safer and more effective procedures are being developed. The goal of plastic surgery is to improve patients’ physical appearance and enhance their quality of life.